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ListItem

A Schema.org Type
An list item, e.g. a step in a checklist or how-to description.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from ListItem
item Thing An entity represented by an entry in a list or data feed (e.g. an 'artist' in a list of 'artists')’.
nextItem ListItem A link to the ListItem that follows the current one.
position Integer  or
Text
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
previousItem ListItem A link to the ListItem that preceeds the current one.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue  or
Text  or
URL
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject  or
URL
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork  or
Event
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing.
Inverse property: about
url URL URL of the item.

Instances of ListItem may appear as a value for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
itemListElement ItemList For itemListElement values, you can use simple strings (e.g. "Peter", "Paul", "Mary"), existing entities, or use ListItem.

Text values are best if the elements in the list are plain strings. Existing entities are best for a simple, unordered list of existing things in your data. ListItem is used with ordered lists when you want to provide additional context about the element in that list or when the same item might be in different places in different lists.

Note: The order of elements in your mark-up is not sufficient for indicating the order or elements. Use ListItem with a 'position' property in such cases.
negativeNotes Review Indicates, in the context of a Review (e.g. framed as 'pro' vs 'con' considerations), negative considerations - either as unstructured text, or a list.
nextItem ListItem A link to the ListItem that follows the current one.
positiveNotes Review Indicates, in the context of a Review (e.g. framed as 'pro' vs 'con' considerations), positive considerations - either as unstructured text, or a list.
previousItem ListItem A link to the ListItem that preceeds the current one.

More specific Types
Examples

Example 1
Copied
Example notes or example HTML without markup.
<ol>
  <li>
    <a href="https://example.com/dresses">Dresses</a>
  </li>
  <li>
    <a href="https://example.com/dresses/real">Real Dresses</a>
  </li>
</ol>
Example encoded as Microdata embedded in HTML.
<ol itemscope itemtype="https://schema.org/BreadcrumbList">
  <li itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope
      itemtype="https://schema.org/ListItem">
    <a itemprop="item" href="https://example.com/dresses">
    <span itemprop="name">Dresses</span></a>
    <meta itemprop="position" content="1" />
  </li>
  <li itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope
      itemtype="https://schema.org/ListItem">
    <a itemprop="item" href="https://example.com/dresses/real">
    <span itemprop="name">Real Dresses</span></a>
    <meta itemprop="position" content="2" />
  </li>
</ol>
Example encoded as RDFa embedded in HTML.
<ol vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="BreadcrumbList">
  <li property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
    <a property="item" typeof="WebPage" href="https://example.com/dresses">
     <span property="name">Dresses</span></a>
     <meta property="position" content="1">
  </li>
  <li property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
    <a property="item" typeof="WebPage" href="https://example.com/dresses/real">
    <span property="name">Real Dresses</span></a>
    <meta property="position" content="2">
  </li>
</ol>
Example encoded as JSON-LD in a HTML script tag.
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
 "@context": "https://schema.org",
 "@type": "BreadcrumbList",
 "itemListElement":
 [
  {
   "@type": "ListItem",
   "position": 1,
   "item":
   {
    "@id": "https://example.com/dresses",
    "name": "Dresses"
    }
  },
  {
   "@type": "ListItem",
  "position": 2,
  "item":
   {
     "@id": "https://example.com/dresses/real",
     "name": "Real Dresses"
   }
  }
 ]
}
</script>
Structured representation of the JSON-LD example.